Part 2 of the three part publication deals with possible fields of application involving stem wood. In the area of timber construction hardwoods have a long tradition (e. g. roof structures, joists etc.), however their use has decreased due to the development of wood-based materials. Application fields are single structural elements, playgrounds, noise barriers, wood-facings or railway sleepers. Fields of interior work are doors, windows and parquet flooring. Furniture includes chairs, tables, shelves, upholstery frames and all kinds of built-in furniture. Hardwoods are commonly used for non-structural solid wood materials and ply materials (solid wood panels, plywood). The main raw material for structural timber (e. g. glued laminated timber, cross laminated timber, laminated veneer lumber), however, is still softwood due to the easier processing, the lower price and the currently valid standards. Suitable modifications such as heat treatment and impregnation help to stabilise dimensions and to expand application areas.