Beside comparing already existing processing, the goal of this research is to develop innovative compressed highly resistant materials from renewable bamboo and formaldehyde-free resin, using Acrodur® more specifically, in order to place growth in rapidly developing countries onto a more sustainable path. China, India, Brazil and lately parts of Africa have rapidly expanding economies with increasing demand for new materials. The production of conventional construction and composite materials such as steel, concrete, or glass fibres in the automotive industry is energy intensive and unsustainable: concrete alone accounts for 5 % of global CO2 emissions. Bamboo is a fast growing, renewable building material widely cultivated in these countries but not utilized to its full potential in modern construction and interior application. Compressed bamboo products (CBP), similar to plywood, oriented strand board, or glue-laminated wood products, therefore have enormous potential to partially replace the use of more energy intensive materials in rapidly developing countries.