The adhesive systems used for the production of wood-based products often must have large bandwidths in the property profile to ensure secure bonding despite the often highly inhomogeneous material properties (surface energy, capillarity, hygroscopicity, density, modulus of elasticity etc.). In not a few cases, this leads to an unwanted compromise formation between optimum and feasibility. The procedural success of an application-compatible adhesive bonding, in addition to the adhesive selection, can be seen in the preparation and adaptation of the adherent surfaces by modification. The precise set of surface properties of two especially contrasting joint partners on the requirements of adhesive chemistry allows the use of adhesives with properties which are precisely tuned for process and application, what the spectrum of useful adhesive systems significantly expanded, and it is advantageous out of the ecological and economic perspective. The article outlines the possibilities of a joint surface optimization of wood and its substitutes by a plasma treatment and effects of the plasma treatment intensity on the water contact angle using the example of bamboo surfaces.