One crucial result of the recent Swiss National Forest Inventory (NFI) from 2004 to 2006 is a hardwood volume increase of 10.4 %. The volume of softwood, in contrast, has reduced (2.4 %). However, Switzerland still used the bulk (70 %) of harvested hardwood directly for energetic purposes in 2009. Besides the decreasing percentage of stem wood and the more complicated processing involved, the main problem in Switzerland is that the value chain from the round timber to an end product is not closed. Predominantly the processing from sawn timber to semi-finished or finished goods is lacking. Therefore the energetic use was, and still is, the most comfortable and profitable solution for unused assortments. Solving the current problems requires the initiative and cooperation of forestry, wood industry and politics. The most important aspects will be the developing of marketing channels, the buildup of a processing industry, the realisation of further research projects and the providing of information for the end customer.