Originally developed for finishing textile fabrics, there are nowadays numerous studies that report on wood modification with crosslinking chemicals such as 1,3-dimethylol-4,5-dihydroxyethyleneurea (DMDHEU) and its effect on wood properties tested in laboratory and field tests. As a biocide-free wood modification technology, treating wood with crosslinkers like DMDHEU significantly and permanently improves the dimensional stability, surface hardness and resistance to wood-destroying fungi, term-ites and marine organisms. This offers promising perspectives for making wood species with low natural durability usable in exterior applications, so that pine (Pinus sylvestris) modified with DMDHEU has already been approved for window constructions. Recent research activities focused on process optimization (hardwood species, reduction of embrittlement), identified ways for formaldehyde-free treatments and integrated additional effects (fire protection, dyeing, water repellency) into the technology. Modifying the wood cell wall and achieving a uniform distribution of fixated chemicals inside the wood product of choice occur essential for the listed property improvements, which limits the technology to permeable wood species, especially in the field of treating solid wood. For Scots pine and selected hardwood species, the “Technology Readiness Level” (TRL) of the technology based on the textile finishing agent DMDHEU is classified as “high”. However, industrial production has not yet been established. Considering the history of related modification techniques, successful implementation on an industrial scale requires both financial investments and as essential the formation of networks between the chemical indus-try, wood industry, technology providers and material research institutes. Recent research activities between the University of Göttingen, Archroma Management LLC and a variety of wood-processing companies (solid wood, veneer materials) have initiated corresponding networks and are currently focusing on a technological implementation on industrial scale.