The production of unoriented strand boards (USB) as a new development was in focus, and the question was investigated to which extent “other deciduous trees with short life expectancy” (ALN) – like poplar, birch, willow or alder – are suitable to this purpose. USB were manufactured based on strands of the individual wood species with the size of 5 mm to 20 mm and tested according the relevant requirements. The physical-technological properties of USB reveal that willow and alder woods lead to boards with higher strength properties compared to reference boards made with pinewood. In addition, the VOC-emissions of the respective boards are very low, as demonstrated in part 1 of this article (Kraft et al., 2016). In view of the increasing shortage of conventionally used coniferous wood for panel production, it can be concluded that ALN, especially willow and alder, are well suitable for the production of wood based panels and can substitute coniferous woods.